Types of Camera Lens

Photography is defined as the activity where we capture images through different approaches. These approaches can be defined as landscape, macro, street photography, and portrait shots. Our camera can Photographydetect the subject’s light through different distances. If we try to capture the horizon, we will notice that the image’s foreground is more vivid than its upper ground. This is where we should use the camera lens filter.

If we want to include images in our website, we can choose the right materials for our camera to produce more desirable effects. We can also post our pictures online for the netizens to see.

In digital photography, camera lens filters differ from one another according to their purpose. Lens filters have the capacity to fix the lighting exposure, balance and enhance the color. They can also add image’s effects, reduce reflection, and protect lenses as well. We can use lens filter in landscape photography.

Filters come in different sizes and shapes. There are circular filters that you can screw into the camera. You can mount these filters directly on the lens filter thread. Circular filters also range in diameter and thickness.

Square filters come in different sizes and are usually paired with a filter holder. This type of filter is Types of Camera Lenswidely sought after by landscape photographers. You can directly screw a filter holder through the lens filter thread.

We can stack two or more square filters in a filter holder to add color effects and for enhancement, but this kind of stacking can also degrade the image quality.

Rectangular filters, like the square filters, are also used in landscape photography. You can move the rectangular filters up and down on their holder. Circular filters can render vignetting while the rectangular can balance the image’s contrast.

The following are the types of camera lens filters:

UV or Haze Filter

This filter limits the level of UV rays hitting the lens. We must consider that it should be made of a high quality glass material (with multi-resistant coating or MRC) so that it is not easily scratched. Nowadays, most of the digital camera sensors have already a built-in UV/IR filter in front of the lens. The primary purpose of using this filter is to simply protect the lens.

Polarizing Filter

Polarizers balance the light exposure under the sun, giving our image bluer skies and vivid colors. This filter can reduce reflections and haze and is perfect for capturing rainbows, horizons, tree canopies, and wet sceneries (ponds and lakes). Polarizing filter can be linear and circular.

Circular polarizers have the capacity to adjust the image’s saturation if we rotate the lid. Linear polarizers, on the other hand, can make the autofocus have metering errors when we use them in DSLR cameras.

Neutral Density Filter

If you try to capture the subject around extreme light, you will notice that there are areas where the light seems to burst. The burst and uneven distribution of brightness in an image are what we call the “overexposure”. To balance this out, you need the neutral density filter. This type of filter blocks the penetration of light in the lens, enabling you to capture the image in longer seconds. ND filter or neutral density filter is ideal for capturing cascading waterfalls, crashing sea waves and the diffusing of the clouds in the sky.

Graduated Neutral Density Filter

Like the neutral density filter, GND or graduated neutral density filter can also balance the overexposure of an image. Unlike neutral density filter, the GND filter has only a half dark-shaded part. The shaded part can cut the penetration of light with the help of proper ISO and shutter speed settings. This filter is perfect for capturing horizontal landscapes where the sky light and the land lightings create imbalance.

Graduated Filter

Graduated filter comes in different shapes like square and circle. This filter has a half-tint part, creating a more dramatic effect in the image. It helps set the mood in an image.

Close-up Filter

This filter is for macro photography as it simply enhances the details of the smaller images. Close-up filter is cheaper than macro lens, but may diminish the image’s quality.

Special Filters

This type of filter gives the image special effects like infrared effect that mimics the look of a snowy landscape. There are also cross star filters that are ideal in capturing city lights. We can also create dream-like images using diffusion filters.

We must remember that proper camera settings and filters work hand-in-hand for a perfect image.

Ten Photography Tips

In this Instagram, Facebook and blogging world we live in, everyone has gained interest in photography. The perfect flat lay and best selfie always gets the most number of likes and gains more followers. The question is, how do you take the best photo anyway?

To take good photos, we don’t really need to invest in top of the line camera. Although, it really does help if we are armed with a high quality camera, good lighting, sharp focus and an interesting subject are more important to get the likes of our followers. The following are ten tips to capture great photos.

  1. Know your subject

photographyThis photography tip is the most obvious and most basic. Know your subject and just focus on one. This will keep your viewers’ eyes drawn to just one direction. The composition of the photo will also become easier to manipulate and balance with just one subject.

  1. Know the rule of thirds

The rule of thirds is a must in photography. It is the principle, which states that we can break down the image into nine parts. You can break it down by thirds vertically and horizontally by imaginary lines. This principle also says that the subject of the photo must lie on the intersection of these imaginary lines. This will result to a more interesting and more balanced photo.

  1. Know your angles

This is also another handy photography tip. The more unconventional your angle is, the better. People are drawn to only three things – the good, the bad and the unusual. Do not be afraid to go on your knees or lie down just to get that perfect shot. The best photographers are not afraid to experiment. They are not afraid to look peculiar just to capture that perfect shot.

  1. Know your space and background.

The subject is important, but so is the background or negative. Blank or neutral colored spaces as background are hot trends right now. Bloggers and online influencers on Instagram usually use such spaces to emphasize and highlight a particular object.

  1. Know your lighting

lightingProper lighting is as important as a good angle. The lighting will dictate the overall appeal and mood of your photo. Know when to use flash or when to just utilize natural light. During the day, natural light is the best source of lighting.

However, during the night, determine when to use or not to use a flash. The flash feature may cause someone’s face to look oilier if not used properly. Aside from that, also know the range of the flash feature. The range differs from one camera to another so it is better to consult the manual before using it.

  1. Know when to zoom in

Unknown to a lot of people, the zoom of a camera can work wonders in improving the quality of the picture. Zooming out or zooming in too much can ruin the overall appeal of the photo. This photography tip is useful especially when there is so much happening around the subject. There are also times when it is better to just come closer to your subject rather than using the zoom function. Zooming in too much can comprise the quality of the picture. It can either become too blurry or pixelated.

  1. Know and identify the patterns and symmetry around you

symmetryIf there would be a favorite photography tip of bloggers and ‘instagrammers’, this would be it. Blogger and Instagram users are obsessed with patterns and symmetry. These types of photos usually get more likes than the usual plain subject-background photo. There is something about patterns and symmetry that are so pleasing and satisfying to the eye. A lot of photos that feature patterns and symmetry get lots of attention on social media sites.

  1. Know and keep an eye on the small details

The small details always make a big difference. A house critter on a window pane, a flower in a field, a bird flying through the infinite blue sky – these are the small everyday details that can make a great subject.

  1. Know and play with shadows

Having a proper lighting is a must in a photo, but playing with shadows enhances its dramatic effect. A shadow often adds drama, mystery and spice to a picture.

  1. Know your tools

As aforementioned, there isn’t really a need to have the best camera in the market to get the best shot. You just have to know to use it and maximize its functions. Know how to adjust the lighting, focus and sharpness of your camera. Also, familiarize yourself with photo editing applications that will greatly help in enhancing the quality of pictures.